Consultancy on Anti Corruption and APRM Jobs vacancy at UNDP in Kenya 2012
Job Title: CONSULTANCY ON ANTI-CORRUPTION AND APRM
Location : Home-based with some travel
Application Deadline : 31-Oct-12
Additional Category Democratic Governance
Type of Contract : Individual Contract
Post Level : International Consultant
Languages Required :
Starting Date :
(date when the selected candidate is expected to start) 07-Nov-2012
Duration of Initial Contract : 3 months
Expected Duration of Assignment : 3 months
The African Union estimates that corruption costs Africa some 148 billion dollars a year, amounting about 25% of Africa’s GDP and more than all the development aid needed to meet the MDGs. The AU also estimates that corruption increases the cost of services by up-to 20% in Africa, thereby increasing the risks of civil strife and widening socio-economic inequalities. In response, the AU Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption and related events commits member states to prevention of multinational corruption, accountability for entrusted power, asset declaration requirements for civil servants and restrictions on immunity of public officials. Further, the SADC members have committed to the tenets of the Protocol against Corruption while EAC member states are currently developing a regional Anti-Corruption Protocol.
Most countries have also developed national anti-corruption laws, are enforcing international conventions and have established anti-corruption bodies. As a result of these, significant anti-corruption progress has been made in Africa over the last 10 years. However, enormous challenges still remain some of which include:
Anti-corruption institutions, judiciaries, prosecution authorities, sector systems and laws governing accountabilities, though technically sound, are vulnerable to political interference and administrative barriers.
Citizens, businesses, voters and other stakeholders that should hold accountable those entrusted with power are often unwilling and/or unable to do so.
Legislation, policies and structures at International, national, Local and institutional levels designed to prevent, detect and punish corruption often duplicate, contradict or are incoherent with one another.
As a result of the above-implied inter-play of political power and reforms, anti-corruption programmes and efforts in ESA region have not had the anticipated impact commensurate with the policy, structural and institutional changes that have been implemented over the last 10 years.
APRM, Accountability and Corruption in Africa:
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is an unprecedented effort to promote democracy and good governance in Africa. It aims to enable African states to identify and overcome governance issues by mutual co-operation and ‘peer learning’.
The APRM recognises that many African states suffer from similar governance issues (albeit to different degrees). The APRM Country Review Reports (CRRs) of Ghana, Rwanda, Kenya, South Africa, Algeria and Benin reveal patterns of problems in political governance, separation of powers, lack of decentralisation and corruption. Although rules are in place to counter these problems, they are being disregarded in practice. The key problem is thus the deficient nature of constitutionalism. The consequences are that progress is stifled, not just politically, but economically and developmentally too.
Objective of Assignment:
UNDP RSC-ESA proposes an analysis of the socio-economic drivers of corruption in Eastern and Southern African using 10 countries (to be chosen in consultation with the consultant and stakeholders) as case studies. The analysis should also identify barriers to accountability and transparency and make recommendations beyond legislation and policy that would improve accountability at national level and efficacy of UNDP Programming. The analysis is intended to improve understanding of:
The concerns, interests and incentives facing different groups in society (and particularly those with political, economic and social interests in accountability), and how these generate particular policy outcomes related to corruption.
The role that formal institutions (e.g. rule of law, elections) and informal social, political and cultural norms play in shaping human interaction and political and economic competition.
The impact of values and ideas, including political ideologies, religion and cultural beliefs, on corruption, political behaviour and public policy.
Possible effective interventions beyond policy and knowledge.
Duties and Responsibilities
Identify and map the countries, sectors and stakeholders to be analysed.
Analyse the progress, lessons and challenges of past and existing efforts of accountability and anti-corruption taking into consideration the analyses from the media, public records (judicial proceedings, etc), APRM processes and other governance reports such as National Governance Assessments).
Outline how concerns, interests and incentives facing different groups in society (and particularly those with political, economic and social interests in accountability), influence and impact on policy and action on accountability and anti-corruption.
Support and improve findings with other political analyses undertaken by other research institutions (e.g. the UK government, the Dutch government, etc.)
Present findings on the following 3 bases:
1. Country by country analysis of corruption on the basis of sectors (construction, mining, justice, health, arms, water, energy etc), scale and manifestations.
2. Regional comparative analysis on the basis of sectors
3. Regional analysis on the basis of actors/stakeholders (for example, similarities/differences in actions of people with political power under investigations, similarities/differences of multi-nations in mining/energy/agriculture etc)
Excellent report-writing skills
Good inter-personal, communication and coordination skills
Experience, superior understanding of development policy research and formulation
A proven track record of high level consultancy and advisory work for the United Nations and or reputable international organisations
Required Skills and Experience
Masters Degree in Political Science, Governance, Economics, Development or related areas.
At least 10 years experience in Socio-Economic research. Experience in Governance, Public Finance, Policy and Political Science would be an added advantage.
Fluency in English required.
How to Apply:
Deadline: 31st Oct 2012